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Japanese (ruby)

ライフ(ポイント)[Notes 1]

Japanese (base text)


Japanese (romanized)


Japanese (translated)

Life (Point)


LP (Life Points)[Notes 2]

Life Points (Japanese: ライフポイント Raifupointo), officially shortened to LP (Japanese: LPライフポイント) since Super Starter: Space-Time Showdown, are a numeric value in Yu-Gi-Oh! Duels used to represent the health of a player. If a player loses all their LP, they lose the Duel.


The following rules apply to the Yu-Gi-Oh! Official Card Game and Yu-Gi-Oh! Trading Card Game.

  • Each player begins with 8000 LP.
  • LP can be gained through the effects of some cards, such as "Solemn Wishes".
  • LP can be lost by any of the following methods:
    • Damage: Whenever a player takes damage, they lose LP equal to the amount of damage dealt. There are two main forms of damage:
      • Battle damage: When monsters battle, their stats are compared. If the monster is in Attack Position, their ATK value is used; if the monster is in Defense Position, their DEF value is used. If the player's monster is in Attack Position and its value is lower, the player takes damage equal to the difference. If the player's monster is in Defense Position, the player does not take any damage, unless the opponent's monster has an effect to inflict piercing battle damage. A monster can also attack a player directly; in that case, the attacking monster's full ATK value is inflicted as damage to the player.
      • Effect damage: The effects of some cards, such as "Ookazi", directly damage a player's LP.
    • Cost: Several cards, such as "Seven Tools of the Bandit," require the player to pay LP in order to activate them. This is not considered to be effect damage as the card text does not use the word "damage".
    • Losing LP: A few cards, such as "Message in a Bottle" and "Soul Charge", directly state that a player "loses LP". This is neither paying LP as a cost nor taking any damage. Effects like these are usually drawbacks to otherwise powerful effects to prevent allowing the use of cards that skip costs ("Spell Economics") or prevent damage ("Rainbow Life") to avoid the drawback.
  • If a player's LP would drop below 0, they become 0 rather than a negative figure.
  • If the player's LP are lowered to 0, they lose the Duel.

Other games

  • In manga and anime, in the Duel Monsters Basic rules, players play with 2000 LP. These rules are used prior to the Battle City tournament. In all other forms of Duel Monsters, in the manga and anime, players start with 4000 LP.
  • Some video games allow players to set the number of LP they begin with, in some cases up to 16000.
  • In Yu-Gi-Oh! BAM, players begin with a number of Life Points LP equal to the combined Life Point score of the Monster Cards in their Deck.
  • In the anime and Yu-Gi-Oh! Tag Force games, some effects allow players to continue playing while they have 0 LP, such as "Relay Soul" and "Infernity Zero".
  • In Dungeon Dice Monsters in the manga, each player's Dungeon Master has 3 LP. Each time it gets attacked, it loses 1 Life Point. These are renamed Heart Points in the anime.


  • Charlie McCay, from the Yu-Gi-Oh! ZEXAL anime, was the first duelist to ever have a 6-digit number of LP in a Duel in the anime or manga, at 100000.
  • Don Thousand, also from the Yu-Gi-Oh! ZEXAL anime, currently holds the record for the highest LP value reached in a Duel shown in the anime or manga, at 102900.


The following gauges are displayed to keep track of LP in the anime.


  1. As in the OCG, the parentheses here specify what part is sometimes dropped in card text.
  2. In the TCG, the full form, as shown in parentheses, has become obsolete since Super Starter: Space-Time Showdown

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