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This page documents word, phrases and common sentence found in Japanese text of the cards. A word listed here might be used in more than one definition, but will be listed only once.

Gameplay

Field

English Japanese Furigana Rōmaji Translation
DeckデッキDekki Deck
MainメインMeinMain
SideサイドSaidoSide
FieldフィールドFīrudoField
ZoneゾーンZōnZone
Column縦列じゅうれつJūretsuColumn
ExtraEXエクストラEkusutora Extra
Graveyard墓地ぼちBochiCemetery
Hand手札てふだTefudaHand

Game Mechanics

English Japanese Furigana Rōmaji Translation
Duelデュエル DyueruDuel
TurnターンTānTurn
Player プレイヤー PureiyāPlayer
StandbyスタンバイSutanbaiStandby
Battle (Phase)バトルBatoruBattle
End (Phase)エンド EndoEnd
PhaseフェイズFeizuPhase
MatchマッチMacchiMatch
Spell Speedスペルスピード Superu SupīdoSpell Speed
ChainチェーンChēnChain
(Chain) LinkブロックBurokkuBlock
DamageダメージDamējiDamage
StepステップSuteppuStep
Direct Attackダイレクトアタック Dairekuto AtakkuDirect Attack
直接攻撃ちょくせつこうげきChokusetsu Kōgeki
Life PointLPライフポイントRaifu Pointo Life Point
Opponent相手あいてAiteOpponent
(Card) type種類しゅるいShuruiType
Surrender降参サレンダーSarendāSurrender
Fast effect timing優先順位ゆうせんじゅんい Yūsen Jun'iPriority
Attack攻撃こうげきKōgekiAttack
Defense守備しゅび ShubiDefense
Position表示 ひょうじ HyōjiMode
Face- (up/down)がわGawaSide
(Face-) UpおもてOmoteFront
(Face-) DownうらUra Back

Spell & Trap Cards

EnglishJapanese Furigana RōmajiTranslation
TrapトラップTorappuTrap
Spell魔法まほうMahōSpell
Equip装備そうびSōbiEquip
Quick-Play速攻 そっこうSokkōInstant
Continuous永続 えいぞくEizokuPermanent
CounterカウンターKauntāCounter
ActionアクションAkushonAction

Monster Card

English Japanese Furigana RōmajiTranslation
MonsterモンスターMonsutāMonster
LevelレベルReberuLevel
RankランクRankuRank
ScaleスケールSukēruScale
TokenトークンTōkunToken
TunerチューナーChūnāTuner
GeminiデュアルDyuaruDual
FlipリバースRibāsuReverse
ToonトゥーンTūnToon
SpiritスピリットSupirittoSpirit
UnionユニオンYunionUnion
LinkリンクRinkuLink
Tribute (Summon)アドバンスAdobansuAdvance
ATK攻撃力こうげきりょくKōgeki ryokuAttack Power
DEF守備力しゅびりょくShubi ryokuDefense Power
OriginもとMotoOrigin
PointさきSakiFront
Co-(Link)相互そうごSōgoMutual
Material素材そざいSozaiMaterial
Normal通常つうじょうTsūjōNormal
Flip (Summon)反転はんてんHantenFlip
Special特殊とくしゅTokushuSpecial
Fusion融合ゆうごうYūgōFusion
Ritual儀式ぎしきGishiki Ritual
Synchro シンクロ Shinkuro Synchro
Xyz エクシーズ Ekushīzu Xyz
PendulumペンデュラムPendyuramuPendulum

Type and Attribute

EnglishJapaneseFuriganaRōmajiTranslation
Type (Monster)(種)族(しゅ)ぞく(Shu)ZokuTribe
Aqua みずMizuWater
WATER
Pyro ほのおHonōFlame
FIRE
Beast けものKemono Beast
Beast-Warrior獣戦士じゅうせんしJūsenshiBeast Warrior
Creator God創造神そうぞうしんSōzōshinCreator God
Dinosaur恐竜きょうりゅうKyōryūDinosaur
Divine-Beast幻神獣 げんしんじゅうGenshinjūPhantom God Beast
Fairy天使てんしTenshiAngel
Fiend悪魔 あくま AkumaDemon
Fish さかな SakanaFish
Insect昆虫こんちゅうKonchūInsect
Machine機械きかいKikaiMachine
Plant植物しょくぶつShokubutsuPlant
Reptile 爬虫類 はちゅうるい Hachūrui Reptile
Rock岩石 がんせきGansekiRock
Sea Serpent海竜 かいりゅうKairyūSea Dragon
Spellcaster魔法使い まほうつかい MahōtsukaiMagic User
Thunder いかずち IkazuchiThunder
Warrior戦士 せんし SenshiWarrior
Winged Beast鳥獣 ちょうじゅうChōjūBird Beast
Wyrm幻竜 げんりゅう Genryū Phantom Dragon
CyberseサイバースSaibāsuCyberse
DragonドラゴンDoragonDragon
PsychicサイキックSaikikkuPsychic
ZombieアンデットAndettoUndead
Attribute属性ぞくせいZokuseiAttribute
DIVINE かみ KamiGod
LIGHTひかりHikariLight
DARKやみYamiDarkness
WINDかぜKaze Wind
EARTHChiEarth

Card lore

A list of other words often found on OCG card lores, apart from the ones listed above.

Noun and Adverbs

EnglishJapaneseFuriganaRōmajiTranslation
Your (You / Own)自分じぶんJibunOneself
All 全て すべて Subete All
Original元々もともとMotomotoOriginal
Condition条件じょうけんJōkenCondition
Order順番じゅんばんJunbanOrder
Already すで Sude Already
Would ぎわ Giwa Would
Or more / higher以上いじょう IjōCount above from
Or less / lower以下いか IkaCount below from
Other以外いがいIgaiCount away from
As long as限りかぎりKagiriAs long as
Bothお互いおたがいOtagaiBoth party
Everyまい~Mai~ Every
~ごと~Goto
WhenときTokiWhen
~じ~Ji
If場合ばあいBāiIf
Would~際~さいSaiWould
TimeDoTime (counter for the occurance)
Counting Unit まい Mai Sheets (counter for flat objects)
たいTaiBody (counter for "living" things like monsters)
ことKoto(Thing)
Placement位置いちIchiPosition
NameNaName
Owner持ち主もちぬしMochi nushiOwner
NextつぎTsugiNext
(Superlatives)一番いちばんIchibanNumber one
Half半分はんぶんHanbunHalf/Divide
Instead代わりかわりKawariPlace of
Above 上記 じょうき Jōki Above
CardカードKādoCard
LifeライフRaifuLife
GameゲームGēmuGame
RandomランダムRandamuRandom
CoinコインKoinCoin
DiceサイコロSaikoroDice
PointsポイントPointoPoints
ControllerコントローラーKontorōrāController

Adjectives

There are two types of Adjective: the "i-class" and "na-class". For more information, see an extrenal link.

EnglishJapaneseFuriganaClassRōmajiTranslation
Many多いおおいiŌiMany
Little少ないすくないSukunaiLittle
High高いたかいTakaiHigh
Low低いひくいHikuiLow
Possible可能かのうnaKanōPossible
Correct 正規 せいき Seiki Correct
Like好きすきSukiLike

Conjugative Words

These word are japanese auxillary words, they may change by translations.

EnglishJapaneseFuriganaRōmajiTranslation
Before~前~ぜん~ZenBefore~
~まえ ~Mae
After~後~ご~GoAfter ~
FromからKaraFrom
UntilまでMadeTo
OrまたはMata waOr
ByによってNi yotte By
De
In / PerNiIn
NomiのみNomiOnly
ExceptしかShikaExcept
OnlyだけDakeOnly
ThisこのKonoThis
ThatそのSonoThat
AndToAnd
AsAs
WithついたTsuitaWith

Verb

Japanese verb is not always written in the same form, they will change form depending on their part of speech. There are two group of verbs: The "/u/-class" and "ru-class". Verbs listed here are in their "Normal form", albeit they would appear in card text in other form. For the rule in changing part of speech, see an External Link.

EnglishJapaneseFurigana ClassRōmajiTranslation
Discard捨てるすてる ruSuteruDiscard
Add加えるくわえるKuwaeruAdd
Leaves離れるはなれるHanareruSeparate
Inflict与えるあたえるAtaeruGive
Take受けるうけるUkeruTake in
Attach重ねるかさねるKasaneruStack
Reveal見せる みせるMiseruShow
Switch入れ替えるいれかえるIrekaeruSwitch
Get得るえるEruGet
Pay 払うはらう /u/HarauPay
Treat扱うあつかうAtsukauTreat
Lose失ううしなうUshinauLose
Conduct

(Occur)

行うおこなうOkonauOccur
Choose選ぶえらぶErabuChoose
Response対すたいすTaisuOppose
List 記す しるす Shirusu List
Return戻すもどすModosuReturn
戻るもどるModoru
Send送るおくるOkuruSend
Place置くおくOkuPut
Detach取り除くとりのぞくTorinozokuRemove
Include含むふくむFukumuInclude
PresentあるAruPresent
BecomeなるNaruBecome
ExcavateめくるMekuruFlip

~Suru Suffix and its variant

"Suru" is a special verb that can be attached to noun so that the noun turns into a verb. The verb carries a special rule of changing its part of speech.

Japanese Romaji Part of Speech Note
するSuruNormal form None
してShiteConjunction form
したShitaPast form
しないShinaiNegative form
せずSezuNegative Conjunction form
できるDekiruPossibility form ru-class verb
されるSareruCasuative form

Suru Verb

English Japanese FuriganaRōmaji Translation
Summon召喚しょうかんShōkanSummon
Activate発動はつどうHatsudōActivate
Destroy破壊はかい Hakai Destroy
Target対象たいしょうTaishōTarget
Negate無効(化) むこう(か)Mukō(ka)Negate
Attack攻撃こうげきKōgekiAttack
Select選択せんたくSentakuSelect
Resolve処理しょりShoriProcess
Change変更へんこうHenkōChange
Gain回復かいふくKaifukuRecover
Use使用しようShiyōUse
Battle戦闘せんとうSentōBattle
End終了しゅうりょうShūryōEnd
Declare宣言せんげんSengenDeclare
Banish除外じょがいJogaiExclude
Ignore無視むしMushiIgnore
Move移動いどうIdōMove
Start開始かいしKaishiStart
Win 勝利 しょうり Shōri Win
Success成功 せいこうSeikōSuccess
Present存在そんざいSonzaiExist
Confirm 確認 かくにんKakuninConfirm
TributeリリースRirīsuRelease
SkipスキップSukippuSkip
ShuffleシャッフルShaffuruShuffle
ControlコントロールKontorōruControl
SetセットSettoSet
DrawドローDorōDraw
IncreaseアップAppuUp
DecreaseダウンDaunDown

Common phrases in card text

English Japanese Rōmaji Translation
Cannot be Normal Summoned/Set. このカードは通常召喚できない。 Kono kādo wa tsūjou shōkan dekinai. This card cannot be Normal Summoned.
Must be Special Summoned by... …でのみ特殊召喚できる。 ...de nomi Tokushu shōkan dekiru. Must be Special Summoned by...
...de shika Tokushu Shōkan dekinai. Cannot be Special Summoned except by...
leaves the field フィールドから離れた fiirudo kara hanareta leaves the field
gains [X] ATK/DEF 攻撃力/守備力は[X]ポイントアップする kōgekiryoku / shubiryoku wa [X] pointo appu suru Attack/Defense power goes up by [X] points.
loses [X] ATK/DEF 攻撃力/守備力は[X]ポイントダウンする kōgekiryoku/shubiryoku wa [X] pointo daun suru Attack/Defense power goes down by [X] points.
ATK/DEF becomes [X] 攻撃力/守備力は[X]になる。 kōgekiryoku / shubiryoku wa [X] ni naru Attack/Defense power becomes X.
while this card is face-up on the [Zone] このカードが [Zone] に存在する限り kono kādo ga [Zone] sonzai suru kagiri as long as this card is in [zone]
You can only use this effect of "[card name]" once per turn. この効果は1ターンに1度しか使用できない。 kono kōka wa ichi tān ni ichi do shika shiyou dekinai. This effect can only be used once in one turn.
You can only use 1 "[card name]" effect per turn, and only once that turn. このカード名の効果は1ターンに1度、いずれか1つしか使用できない。 Kono kādo na no kōka wa ichi tān ni ichido, izureka hitotsu shika shiyō dekinai. You can only use the effect of cards with this card's name once in one turn, and only one of those effects can be used.
Make ??? X. ???はX~なければならない。 ??? wa X ~nakereba naranai. X must ???.

Phrases

A list of phrases often used in the Japanese anime.

English Japanese Rōmaji Translation
My turn 私のターン Watashi no tān My turn (generic)
僕のターン Boku no tān My turn (male polite)
俺のターン Ore no tān My turn (male casual)
我のターン Ware no tān My turn (rarely used)
Your turn あなたのターン anata no tān Your turn (generic)
君のターン kimi no tān Your turn (casual)
お前のターン Omae no tān Your turn (friendly aggressive)
Spell Card "X" activate 魔法カード、「X」発動 Majikku kādo "X" hatsudō Magic Card "X" activate
Trap Card activate 罠、発動 Torappu, hatsudou Trap activate
Special Summon "X" 「X」を特殊召喚 "X" o tokushū shoukan Special Summon "X"
Activate the effect of "X" 「X」の効果発動 "X" no kōka hatsudou "X's" effect activate
"X" attack "Y" 「X」を「Y」で攻撃 "X" o "Y" de kougeki "X" attacks "Y"
Destroy "X" 「X」を破壊する "X" o hakai suru Destroy "X"
Turn End ターンエンド tān endo Turn end
ターン終了 tān shūryou
Draw (number of) card カード (Number) 枚ドロー Kaado (number) mai dorō Draw (number of) card
Set (number of) cards カード (Number) 枚セット Kaado (number) mai setto Set (number of) cards

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