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Gameplay

A list of terms used during gameplay.

Field

English Japanese Furigana Rōmaji Translation
DeckデッキDekki Deck
MainメインMeinMain
SideサイドSaidoSide
FieldフィールドFīrudoField
ZoneゾーンZōnZone
Column縦列じゅうれつJūretsuColumn
ExtraEXエクストラEkusutora Extra
Graveyard墓地ぼちBochiCemetery
Hand手札てふだTefudaHand

Game Mechanics

English Japanese Furigana Rōmaji Translation
Duelデュエル DyueruDuel
TurnターンTānTurn
Player プレイヤー PureiyāPlayer
StandbyスタンバイSutanbaiStandby
Battle (Phase)バトルBatoruBattle
End (Phase)エンド EndoEnd
PhaseフェイズFeizuPhase
MatchマッチMacchiMatch
Spell Speedスペルスピード Superu SupīdoSpell Speed
ChainチェーンChēnChain
(Chain) LinkブロックBurokkuBlock
DamageダメージDamējiDamage
StepステップSuteppuStep
Direct Attackダイレクトアタック Dairekuto AtakkuDirect Attack
直接攻撃ちょくせつこうげきChokusetsu Kōgeki
Life PointLPライフポイントRaifu Pointo Life Point
Opponent 相手あいてAiteOpponent
Type (Card)種類しゅるいShuruiType
Surrender降参サレンダーSarendāSurrender
Fast effect timing優先順位ゆうせんじゅに Yūsen juniPriority
Defense守備しゅび ShubiDefense
Position表示 ひょうじ HyōjiMode
Face- (up/down)がわGawaSide
(Face-) UpおもてOmoteFront
(Face-) DownうらUra Back

Spell & Trap Cards

EnglishJapanese Furigana RōmajiTranslation
TrapトラップTorappuTrap
Spell魔法まほうMahōSpell
Equip装備そうびSōbiEquip
Quick-Play速攻 そっこうSokkōInstant
Continuous永続 えいぞくEizokuPermanent
CounterカウンターKauntāCounter
ActionアクションAkushonAction

Monster Card

English Japanese Furigana RōmajiTranslation
MonsterモンスターMonsutāMonster
LevelレベルReberuLevel
RankランクRankuRank
ScaleスケールSukēruScale
TokenトークンTōkunToken
TunerチューナーChūnāTuner
GeminiデュアルDyuaruDual
FlipリバースRibāsuReverse
ToonトゥーンTūnToon
SpiritスピリットSupirittoSpirit
UnionユニオンYunionUnion
LinkリンクRinkuLink
Tribute (Summon)アドバンスAdobansuAdvance
ATK攻撃力こうげきりょくKōgeki ryokuAttack Power
DEF守備力しゅびりょくShubi ryokuDefense Power
OriginもとMotoOrigin
PointさきSakiFront
Co-(Link)相互そうごSōgoMutual
Material素材そざいSozaiMaterial
Normal通常つうじょうTsūjōNormal
Flip (Summon)反転はんてんHantenFlip
Special特殊とくしゅTokushuSpecial
Fusion融合ゆうごうYūgōFusion
Ritual儀式ぎしきGishiki Ritual
Synchro シンクロ Shinkuro Synchro
Xyz エクシーズ Ekushīzu Xyz
PendulumペンデュラムPendyuramuPendulum

Type and Attribute

EnglishJapaneseFuriganaRōmajiTranslation
Type (Monster)(種)族(しゅ)ぞく(Shu)ZokuTribe
Aqua みずMizuWater
WATER
Pyro ほのおHonōFlame
FIRE
Beast けものKemono Beast
Beast-Warrior獣戦士じゅうせんしJūsenshiBeast Warrior
Creator God創造神そうぞうしんSōzōshinCreator God
Dinosaur恐竜きょうりゅうKyōryūDinosaur
Divine-Beast幻神獣 げんしんじゅうGenshinjūPhantom God Beast
Fairy天使てんしTenshiAngel
Fiend悪魔 あくま AkumaDemon
Fish さかな SakanaFish
Insect昆虫こんちゅうKonchūInsect
Machine機械きかいKikaiMachine
Plant植物しょくぶつShokubutsuPlant
Reptile 爬虫類 はちゅうるい Hachūrui Reptile
Rock岩石 がんせきGansekiRock
Sea Serpent海竜 かいりゅうKairyūSea Dragon
Spellcaster魔法使い まほうつかい MahōtsukaiMagic User
Thunder いかずち IkazuchiThunder
Warrior戦士 せんし SenshiWarrior
Winged Beast鳥獣 ちょうじゅうChōjūBird Beast
Wyrm幻竜 げんりゅう Genryū Phantom Dragon
CyberseサイバースSaibāsuCyberse
DragonドラゴンDoragonDragon
PsychicサイキックSaikikkuPsychic
ZombieアンデットAndettoUndead
Attribute属性ぞくせいZokuseiAttribute
DIVINE かみ KamiGod
LIGHTひかりHikariLight
DARKやみYamiDarkness
WINDかぜKaze Wind
EARTHChiEarth

Card lore

A list of other words often found on OCG card lores, apart from the ones listed above.

Noun and Adverbs

EnglishJapaneseFuriganaRōmajiTranslation
All全てすべてSubeteAll
Your
You
own
自分じぶんJibunOneself
Original元々もともとMotomotoOriginal
Condition条件じょうけんJōkenCondition
Order順番じゅんばんJunbanOrder
Or more / higher以上いじょう IjōCount above from ???
Or less / lower以下いか IkaCount below from ???
Other以外いがいIgaiCount away from ???
As long as限りかぎりKagiriAs long as
Bothお互いおたがいOtagai Both party
Everyまい~Mai~ Every
~ごと~Goto
WhenときTokiWhen
~じ~Ji
If場合ばあいBāiIf
TimeDoTime (counter for the occurance)
Counting Unit まい Mai Sheets (counter for flat objects)
たいTaiBody (counter for "living" things like monsters)
ことKoto(Thing)
Placement位置いちIchiPosition
NameNaName
Owner持ち主もちぬしMochi nushiOwner
NextつぎTsugiNext
(Superlatives)一番いちばんIchibanNumber one
Half半分はんぶんHanbunHalf/Divide
Instead代わりかわりKawariPlace of
CardカードKādoCard
LifeライフRaifuLife
GameゲームGēmuGame
RandomランダムRandamuRandom
CoinコインKoinCoin
DiceサイコロSaikoroDice
PointsポイントPointoPoints
ControllerコントローラーKontorōrāController

Adjectives

There are two types of Adjective: the "i-class" and "na-class". For more information, see an extrenal link.

EnglishJapaneseFurigana ClassRōmajiTranslation
Many 多い おおい i Ōi
Little 少ない すくない Sukunai
High 高い たかい Takai High
Low 低い ひくい Hikui
Possible 可能 かのう na Kanō Possible
Like 好き すき Suki LIke

Conjugative Words

These word are japanese auxillary words, they may change by translations.

EnglishJapaneseFuriganaRōmajiTranslation
Before~前~ぜん~zenBefore~
Thenその後そのごSono goThen
FromからKaraFrom
UntilまでMadeTo
OrまたはMata waOr
ByによってNi yotte By
De
In / PerNiIn
NomiのみNomiOnly
ExceptしかShikaExcept
OnlyだけDakeOnly
ThisこのKonoThis
ThatそのSonoThat
AndToAnd
WithついたTsuitaWith

Verb

Japanese verb is not always written in the same form, they will change form depending on their part of speech. There are two group of verbs: The "/u/-class" and "ru-class" verbs listed here are in their "Normal form". For the rule in changing the "ru-class' " part of speech, see below; For "/u/-class", see an External Link.

EnglishJapaneseFurigana ClassRōmajiTranslation
Discard捨てるすてる ruSuteruDiscard
Add加えるくわえるKuwaeruAdd
Leaves離れるはなれるHanareruSeparate
Inflict与えるあたえるAtaeruGive
Take受けるうけるUkeruTake in
Attach重ねるかさねるKasaneruStack
Reveal見せる みせるMiseruShow
Switch入れ替えるいれかえるIre kaeruSwitch
Get得るえるEruGet
Pay 払うはらう uHarauPay
Treat扱うあつかうAtsukauTreat
Lose失ううしなうUshinauLose
Occur行うおこなうOkonauOccur
Choose選ぶえらぶErabuChoose
Response対すたいすTaisuOppose
Return戻すもどすModosuReturn
戻るもどるModoru
Send送るおくるOkuruSend
Place置くおくOkuPut
Detach取り除くとりのぞくTori nozokuRemove
Include含むふくむFukumuInclude
PresentあるAruPresent (Non-living things)
BecomeなるNaruBecome
ExcavateめくるMekuruFlip

~Suru Suffix and its variant

"Suru" is a special verb that can be attached to noun so that the noun turns into a verb.

Japanese Romaji Part of Speech
するSuruNormal form
してShiteConjunction form
したShitaPast form
しないShinaiNegative form
せずSezuNegative Conjunction form
できるDekiruPossibility form
されるSareruCasuative form

"Dekiru" and "Sareru" are "ru-class" verb, and carries a simple rule of form changing form by replacing "る"(ru) with the following character to change their speech part.

Japanese Romaji Part of Speech
TeConjunction form
TaPast form
ないNaiNegative form
ZuNegative Conjunction form

Suru Verb

English Japanese FuriganaRōmaji Translation
Summon召喚しょうかんShōkanSummon
Activate発動はつどうHatsudōActivate
Destroy破壊はかい Hakai Destroy
Target対象たいしょうTaishōTarget
Negate無効(化) むこう(か)Mukō(ka)Negate
Attack攻撃こうげきKōgekiAttack
Select選択せんたくSentakuSelect
Resolve処理しょりShoriProcess
Change変更へんこうHenkōChange
Gain回復かいふくKaifukuRecover
Use使用しようShiyōUse
Battle戦闘せんとうSentō Battle
End終了しゅうりょうShūryō End
Declare宣言せんげんSengenDeclare
Banish除外じょがいJogaiExclude
Ignore無視むしMushiIgnore
Move移動いどうIdōMove
Success成功 せいこうSeikōSuccess
Present存在そんざいSonzaiExist
Confirm 確認 かくにんKakuninConfirm
Start 開始 かいし Kaishi Start
TributeリリースRirīsuRelease
ShuffleシャッフルShaffuruShuffle
ControlコントロールKontorōruControl
SetセットSettoSet
DrawドローDorōDraw
IncreaseアップAppuUp
DecreaseダウンDaunDown

Common phrases found on OCG card lores.

English Japanese Rōmaji Translation
Cannot be Normal Summoned/Set. このカードは通常召喚できない。 kono kādo wa tsuujou shoukan dekinai. This card cannot be Normal Summoned.
Can be Special Summoned by... ...特殊召喚できる tokushū shoukan dekiru Can be Special Summoned by...
...destroyed by battle ...戦闘によって破壊され... sentou ni yotte hakai sare ...destroyed by battle
...destroyed by a card effect... ...カードの効果で破壊された... kaado no kouka ni yotte hakaisareta ...destroyed by a card effect...
...this card leaves the field このカードがフィールドから離れた... kono kaado ga fiirudo jou kara hanareta toki The moment this card leaves the field...
...return to the hand... ...手札に戻す... tefuda ni modosu ...returned to hand...
When "X": "Y". 「X」時、「Y」する。 "X" toki, "Y" suru. At the moment "X", do "Y".
When "X": you can "Y". 「X」時、「Y」できる。 "X" toki, "Y" dekiru. At the moment "X", you can "Y".
...gains X ATK/DEF. 攻撃力/守備力はXポイントアップする。 kougekiryoku/shubiryoku wa X pointo appu suru. Attack/Defense power goes up by X points.
...loses X ATK/DEF. 攻撃力/守備力はXポイントダウンする。 kougekiryoku/shubiryoku wa X pointo daun suru. Attack/Defense power goes down by X points.
This card's ATK/DEF becomes X. このカードの攻撃力/守備力はXになる。 kono kaado no kougekiryoku/shubiryoku wa X ni naru. This card's attack/defense power becomes X.
...monster with "X" in its name... ...「X」と名のついたモンスター... "X" to namae no tsuita monsutaa ...monster with "X" in its name...
While this card is face-up: このカードが (Zone) に存在する限り、 kono kaado ga fiirudo jou ni omotegawa hyouji de sonzai suru kagiri As long as this card is on the field in face-up position,
Special Summon # "X" from your Y Yから「X」#体を特殊召喚する Y kara "X" # tai o tokushu shoukan suru From your Y, Special Summon # "X".
When this card is Summoned: このカードが召喚に成功した時、 kono kaado ga shoukan ni seikou shita toki When this card is successfully Summoned,
...add # "X" from your Deck. ...デッキから「X」#体を手札に加える。 dekki kara "X" # tai o tefuda ni kuwaeru. ...from your Deck, add # "X" to your hand.
This effect can only be used once per turn. この効果は1ターンに1度しか使用できない。 kono kouka wa ichi taan ni ichi do shika shiyou dekinai. This effect cannot be used more than once per turn.
Inflict X damage to your opponent. 相手ライフにXポイントダメージを与える。 aite raifu ni X pointo dameeji o ataeru. Give X points of damage to your opponent's Life Points.
Gain X Life Points. 自分はXライフポイント回復する。 jibun wa X raifu pointo o kaifuku suru. You recover X Life Points.
When X: X時に発動する事ができる。 X toki ni hatsudou suru koto ga dekiru. You can activate this card when X happens.
Activate by selecting # "X"... 「X」#体を選択して発動する "X" # tai wo sentakushi te hatsudou suru Activated by selecting # "X"...
This card can attack your opponent directly. このカードは相手プレイヤーに直接攻撃できる。 kono kaado wa aite pureiyaa ni chokusetsu kougeki suru koto ga dekiru. This card can attack the opponent player directly.
inflict damage to your opponent equal to the destroyed monster's ATK on the field. 破壊したモンスターの攻撃力分のダメージを相手に与える。 hakai shita monsutā no kōgeki-ryoku-bun no damēji o aite raifu ni ataeru. Inflict damage to your opponent the destroyed monster's Attack power.
inflict damage to your opponent equal to its ATK. その攻撃力分のダメージを相手に与える。 sono kōgeki ryoku bun no damēji wo aite ni ataeru. Inflict damage to your opponent the Attack power.

Phrases

A list of phrases often used in the Japanese anime.

English Japanese Rōmaji Translation
My turn 私のターン Watashi no tān My turn (generic)
僕のターン Boku no tān My turn (male polite)
俺のターン Ore no tān My turn (male casual)
我のターン Ware no tān My turn (rarely used)
Your turn あなたのターン anata no tān Your turn (generic)
君のターン kimi no tān Your turn (casual)
お前のターン Omae no tān Your turn (friendly aggressive)
Spell Card "X" activate 魔法カード、「X」発動 Majikku kādo "X" hatsudō Magic Card "X" activate
Trap Card activate 罠、発動 Torappu kaado hatsudou Trap activate
Special Summon "X" 「X」を特殊召喚 "X" o tokushū shoukan Special Summon "X"
Summon "X" in attack position 「X」を攻撃表示で召喚 "X" o kougekihyouji de shoukan Summon "X" in attack display
Activate the effect of "X" 「X」の効果発動 "X" no kōka hatsudou "X's" effect activate
"X" attack "Y" 「X」を「Y」で攻撃 "X" o "Y" de kougeki "X" attacks "Y"
Destroy "X" 「X」を破壊する "X" o hakai suru Destroy "X"
Turn End ターンエンド tān endo Turn end
ターン終了 tān shūryou
Draw (number of) card カード (Number) 枚ドロー Kaado (number) mai dorō Draw (number of) card
Set (number of) cards カード (Number) 枚セット Kaado (number) mai setto Set (number of) cards

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