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Chain

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Chain

Japanese (kanji and furigana)

チェーン

Rōmaji

Chēn

English

Chain

A Chain (Japanese: チェーン Chēn) is a stack that determines the order of resolution of multiple cards and effects.

Chains are used when a card or effect is activated before another activated card or effect resolves. Each player has the opportunity to respond to each activation by activating another card or effect. Each activation is placed on the Chain as a Chain Link, with the first activation being Chain Link 1. If neither player responds to the most recent Chain Link, the Chain resolves, with Chain Links resolving in the opposite order to which they were activated in.

Cards and effects can only be added to a Chain while it is being constructed. Once a Chain starts to resolve, cards and effects cannot be activated until the entire Chain has resolved.

Cards and effects go on a Chain if and only if they activate.

Starting a Chain

Usually, the turn player has the right to start any Chain at any time during his or her turn. However, this right will pass to the opponent under the following circumstances:

Building a Chain

The card or effect that started the Chain (the first card or effect to be activated) is Chain Link 1 (チェーン1 Chēn Ichi "Chain 1"). The next is Chain Link 2 (チェーン2 Chēn Ni "Chain 2"), with each additional Chain Link being numbered incrementally, with these numbers corresponding to when it was activated relative to the other Chain Links.

Cards and effects can only be activated as a Chain Link 2 or higher if they have an equal or greater Spell Speed than the previous Chain Link. Spell Speed 1 effects cannot be activated as a Chain Link 2 or higher, except for Flip, Trigger and Trigger-like effects if they triggered simultaneously; in this case, they must be placed on the Chain first before either player has the opportunity to activate fast effects.

New Chain Links can only respond to the most recent activation (the immediately previous Chain Link) or the action which Chain Link 1 is responding to.

After placing all Spell Speed 1 effects on the Chain, or after any fast effect activation, the player who did not add the last current Chain Link on the Chain has the right add a new one or pass to their opponent. If their opponent then declines to add to the Chain, the Chain is now complete. Cards and effects cannot be resolved until the Chain is complete.

Resolving a Chain

Once both players have decided not to add to the Chain, the Chain is completed. At this time, the Chain is resolved, starting with the card or effect which was activated most recently (the highest Chain Link). Each card in the Chain is then resolved until Chain Link 1 resolves. Cards and effects cannot be activated while the Chain is resolving.

Once the entire Chain resolves, if any of the following cards have not yet been moved to another location, they will be sent to the Graveyard. (This is considered to happen simultaneously with the last part of the resolution of the effect of the last Chain Link that resolved).

Example

  1. Player 1 plays "Raigeki" (Chain Link 1)
  2. Player 2 responds with "Magic Jammer", activating it in response to "Raigeki" (Chain Link 2)
  3. Player 1 responds with "Seven Tools of the Bandit" (Chain Link 3)

The Chain is resolved in reverse activation order, starting with the last card that was activated.

  1. (Chain Link 3) Player 1's "Seven Tools of the Bandit" negates Player 2's "Magic Jammer".
  2. (Chain Link 2) The effect of "Magic Jammer" does not apply.
  3. (Chain Link 1) The effect of "Raigeki" takes place, destroying all monsters on Player 2's side of the field.
  4. The Chain ends with all three activated Spell and Trap Cards going to the Graveyard.

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